Types of Leave / Parole

There are three types of leave.

(1) Ordinary Leave

(2) Emergency Leave

(3) Home Leave (for Open Prison inmates only)

Eligibility for Leave
(1) Ordinary Leave

Well behaved prisoners sentenced to imprisonment for one year and above and who have served out actually 1/3 of the sentence or two years whichever is less are eligible for ordinary leave.

A prisoner once released on ordinary leave will not be eligible for a subsequent release on ordinary leave until the completion of six months of actual imprisonment to be counted from the date of his last return from ordinary leave provided that this will not apply to the grant of leave to a prisoner in an emergency. Prisonerare released on ordinary leave based on the recommendation of the Superintendent of Police and Probation Officer.
Ordinary leave shall be granted by the Superintendent of Prisons upto a period of 10 days and by the Inspector General of Prisons upto a period of 30 days at a time.
(2)Emergency Leave
Any well behaved convicted prisoner is eligible for emergency leave. The Superintendent of the Jail shall be competent to grant emergency leave upto a period of 7 days, the Inspector General of Prisons upto a period of 10 days and the Government upto a period of 15 days at a time.
Emergency Leave shall be granted subject to the following conditions:-
Eligibility for leave: Any well behaved convicted prisoner other than a person convicted in respect of any offence relating to National Security is eligible for emergency leave under any of the very exceptional circumstances specified below, namely:-
  • Death or terminal illness of father, mother, son, daughter, wife, husband, brother, sister, grandson, grand daughter, grand father, grand mother, Father-in-law, Mother-in-law or mother's brother.
  • Marriage of son, daughter, brother and sister, grandson, grand daughter, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, direct nephew, direct neice.
  • Partial or complete loss of residential building.
  • Any extraordinary reasons recommended by the Probation Officer as necessitating the grant of such leave.
The following categories of prisoners shall not be eligible for being released on leave, namely
  • Offenders classified as habituals
  • Prisoners sentenced under section 392 to 402 Indian Penal Code.   Note : - Lifers having concurrent sentence under the above Section will be granted parole on completion of the sentence under these sections.
  • Prisoners who are considered dangerous or who are involved in serious prison violation like assault, out break, mutiny, escape, instigators to serious violation, strike, etc., and the like;
  • Prisoners suffering from unsoundness of mind or contagious diseases
(3) Home Leave
Well behaved prisoners in the open prison who have undergone a term of actual sentence of one year in that prison shall be eligible for home leave on the strength of a report from the Probation officers concerned on the family environments of the prisoner .
Home leave is granted after one year, on his return from last home leave.
The category of prisoners not eligible for emergency leave, may be granted permission for visit under escort for a maximum period of 24 hours excluding journey time.

Duration of Leave

Ordinary Leave      -  30 days
Emergency Leave   -  45 days (Maximum)
Home Leave -           15 days

Who may grant

Ordinary Leave      -   Head of the Department

Emergency Leave   -  Up to 7 days → Superintendent, Central Prison /    Open Prison
Up to 10 days → Head of the Department
Up to 45 days → Government (15 days at a time)

Home Leave -    Director General of Prisons and Correctional Services



Sri Rishi Raj Singh IPS

Sri. Rishi Raj Singh IPS 

Director General of Prisons
and Correctional Services

iAPS Prisons

Lock-up Report